Gum bleeding is one of the most common symptoms of gum disease, ranging from early gingivitis to advanced periodontal disease. When gums bleed, they are usually also tender and swollen, indicating that inflammation is present. A variety of other conditions can also cause gums to bleed. Here is more about what can cause bleeding gums and what can be done to treat and reverse gum disease, the most common reason for this symptom.
What Causes Gums to Bleed?
Besides gum disease, causes of bleeding gums include nutrient deficiencies, medication side effects and physical trauma. A deficiency of vitamin C or vitamin K can cause gums to bleed. Physical trauma affecting the gums could come from an accident or from cleaning the teeth too roughly.
Gum disease, a condition that affects many adults but is often overlooked, involves bacterial attack on the gums. Early symptoms of gum bleeding, swelling, and tenderness can lead to advanced problems, including serious infections, tooth loosening, and tooth loss. Poor oral hygiene, genetic susceptibility, and tobacco use are among major causes of gum disease.
How Can Bleeding Gums Be Treated?
When gum disease is to blame for gum bleeding, the treatment recommended depends largely on the stage of the condition. In the early stages of gingivitis, patients at our Houston office may benefit from deep cleaning, also called scaling and root planing. This involves extensive removal of plaque from the tooth crowns, as well as from the roots just under the gums. For more advanced gum disease, our dentist may recommend gum flap surgery, in which incisions are made and the gums are peeled back so that plaque can be removed from the deep tooth roots. Treatment for advanced gum disease may also necessitate soft tissue grafting, which stimulates restoration of the tissues destroyed by bacteria.
Gum bleeding can be a sign of gum disease, which varies from mild to severe. Left untreated for long enough, gum disease may require emergency dentistry. You can schedule a consultation at our office in Houston with Dr. Nazari, who is experienced at diagnosing and treating all stages of gum disease.
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